The KVK is a grass root
level institute under the auspices of the Indian Council of Agricultural
Research (ICAR), New Delhi and Banasthali University. It was established in the
year 1995 and receives 100% grant from ICAR for infrastructural developments and
execution of programmes. The beneficiaries are practicing farmers, farm women,
rural youths and functionaries of development departments and voluntary
organisations. Empowerment of rural women receives priority in its programmes.
It is presently manned by
an Advisor, Programme Coordinator, Six Subject Matter Specialists, three
Programme Assistants and Six ministerial staff. In addition to this three
project assistants are engaged to assist SMS for carrying on two sponsored
research cum extension projects, financed by Govt. of Rajasthan and Dept. of
Science & Technology, New Delhi. The KVK has distinct mandates comprising
vocational trainings for farmers, farm women and school dropouts in
agriculture and allied subjects based on felt needs, resources and farming
On farm Testing of the released technologies in agriculture and
Front line demonstrations of various crops to generate production
data and feedback.
Training to extension functionaries of the line
departments/voluntary organisations connected with departmental activities.
- Farm advisory work including institute village
linkage programmes and other extension activities.
The major thrust
areas of the KVK for Tonk district are as below :
studies and impact analysis
participation through community organization as Krishi Vigyan Clubs (TTCs),
Common Interest Groups (CIGs), Self Help Groups (SHGs) etc.
of cereals, millets, pulses. and oilseed crops under normal, rainfed, limited
irrigation, poor quality water and salt affected soils
Integrated pest and
disease management, post harvest techniques in crops, fruits and
Production and use of
different organic manures and bio-fertilizers under INM
management of salt affected soils and sodic water for sustainable production of
crops, vegetables and fruit plants
Enhancing productivity of milch animals through genetic improvement, balance
feeding, management & health care
Empowering women through income generating activities such as fruits and
vegetable preservation, mushroom cultivation, bee-keeping etc.
hygiene and nutritional levels of farming community with special reference to
orchard raising, spices-medicinal and aromatic plants
various farm operations to reduce drudgery and enhance
To meet the above
objectives, the KVK has major infrastructure facilities A well developed 25
hectare demonstration cum research farm having orchard of arid fruits, seasonal
crops and vegetable nursery and seed production units, modest livestock unit,
unit to demonstrate recycling of farm waste for promoting organic farming, Home
science laboratory for fruit and vegetable preservation training and full
fledged soil and water testing lab. Centre is provided with a farmers hostel
for facilitating institutional training programmes. The KVK envisages
establishing a model fruit and vegetable nursery under National Horticulture
Mission for facilitating availability of True to the type seeds and saplings to
beneficiaries receiving trainings at the centre. Mandate-wise salient
achievements of the KVK during last five years are presented below :
In all 236 training
programmes in different disciplines of agriculture organised during last five
years benefited 3642 males and 1599 female practicing farmers.
Similarly special 156
training programmes for rural youths either practicing farmers or school
dropouts were organised. Such trainings were attended by 2903 males and 1414
females. As the KVK has the mandate to provide technological back up to ongoing
development programmes of line departments, the KVK organised 40 in-service
trainings programmes of varying duration benefiting 730 extension functionaries.
The KVK also organised some major vocational trainings of medium duration (one
week to one month) either independently or under Rajasthan Livelihood Mission.
Such trainings covered
recycling of farm waste and promoting organic farming, food preservation and
packaging, dairying for self employment, bee keeping, arid horticulture etc.
These trainings succeeded in not only empowering participants by way of gain in
knowledge but also motivated some trainees to translate the knowledge into
action as reflected in establishment of vermicompost units, practicing
supplementary livestock feeding with green fodder and mineral mixture including
better management practices and adopting fruit and vegetable preservation
practices by women as a group activity. It has laid to creation of additional
income generation avenues in the region.
Front Line Demonstrations
The KVK strives for
promoting area specific need based farm innovations among farming communities.
Front Line Demonstrations on Kharif and Rabi oilseeds and pulses are organised
to demonstrate the efficacy of newly released production technologies on
farmers field to explore their maximum potential in given farming situation.
FLDs on oilseeds are laid on Til and Groundnut during Kharif and Mustard in Rabi
season. During the last five years 207 demonstrations in Kharif and 103 in Rabi
seasons were organised on Famers field.
Green gram and black gram
in Kharif and chick pea during rabi are major pulse crops for organising front
line demonstrations. In all, 150 demonstrations in Kharif and 75 in Rabi were
organised during the last five years for promoting regional crops such as
millets, cluster bean, wheat, barley, oat and seed spices. 336 Kharif season
demonstrations and 464 Rabi season demonstrations were organised registering
25-30% higher production over the existing production practices. There have been
overwhelming response of farmers to adopt the innovations highlighted in the
demonstrations particularly widespread acceptance of recommended varieties
coupled with integrated nutrient management and IPM practices. In the vicinity
of the KVK, farmers in large number purchase seeds of newly released varieties
and follow recommended practices.
On Farm Testing
On Farm Testing is a joint
venture of KVK staff, regional research scientists and local farming community
aiming at assessment and refinement of technologies. Farmers perspective and
their participation is crucial to identify and develop area specific demand
driven technologies. SMS of the centre initiate longitudinal OFTs of local
importance in their respective disciplines.
Further, the centre has
been recognised for conducting initial varietal trial and advanced varietal
trials of different crops under All India co-ordinated Research Projects. Such
31 laid trials covered gram, barley, wheat, lentil, field pea, pearl millet,
cluster bean, Moong and response of salt tolerant varieties in reclaimed soils.
The KVK produces truthful level seeds of improved varieties of crops for
distribution among farmers.
For speedy transfer of
farm technologies, the KVK periodically organises Farmers fair, Field Days,
Vichar Goshthi, Educational tours, Production and distribution of farm
literature and receives support from mass media News papers, local FM Radio
and All India Radio and Doordarshan. These activities have established and
fostered close liaison, mutual trust and participation of farming communities in
the programmes of the KVK. Activity-wise the KVK has organised 4 Kisan Melas
being participated by 28,000 farmers and 600 extension functionaries and
Similarly, 48 field days
on various FLD fields were organised that were attended by 5,754 farmers and 230
extension functionaries. Annually Ber and Aonla days were organised on KVK
institutional farm. 810 farmers joined in 31 educational tours organised within
and outside the state sponsored by the KVK. Further development departments and
NGOs bring thousands of farmers and farm women to visit the demonstration units
including fruits, crops and Home Science activities. during the last five years
around 10,500 farmers and 1,350 extension functionaries sponsored by
organisations from Tonk district and other parts of the state visited the centre
to gain first hand knowledge of latest production technologies in income
The KVK publishes
Banasthali Krishi Samachar, a quarterly journal covering tit bits and timely
recommendations, programme announcements, KVK and farmers achievements for the
benefit of target audiance. Further, pamphlets and folders on specific
recommendations were developed. Four farm bulletins on Bee-keepings, Mushroom
cultivation, Fruit and vegetable preservation and Management of problematic
soils are published/under publication.
The local and state level
news-papers are periodically utilised to abreast the farming community with
seasonal recommendations through news coverage and announcements. Similarly, FM
Radio, Banasthali serves the local community through timely announcements and
farm and home level conversational talks.
The state AIR and
Doordarshan periodically covers KVK activities, achievements and success events
of farmers. The KVK has a well developed Audio Visual Unit and Exhibition cell,
the exhibition unit of the centre have earned prizes & Lurals during Kisan
Melas organised by ICAR Institutes and district authorities. The KVK exhibition
has been also visited by Dr.Armity S.Desai, Former U.G.C. Chairperson, Dr.
Ranjana Kumar, Former Chairperson of NABARD & Dr. Swati Piramal of Nicholas
India Group who commented the efforts of the KVK.
In consonance with
teaching by doing and learning by doing approach of KVK has developed its
instructional cum seed production farm Large no. of farmers within and outside
the district annually procure truthful level seed of cereals, millets, oilseeds,
pulses and seed spices.
During the last five
years, the KVK has supplied 1100 quintals of Rabi crop seeds to 2700 farmers.
Similarly 500 quintal seeds of Kharif crops were sold to 2600 farmers. The KVK
also supplies TFL seeds of seed spices, saplings of fruit plants, honey and
products prepared during training on fruit and vegetable preservation. It has
laid to generation of revolving fund of the centre to the tune of around 30 lac
rupees mainly from the income of last five years. The fund is then ploughed back
for developing infrastructural facilities and instructional
For livestock development,
they supplied buffalo-bulls of Murrah breed to 10 interested farmers for
genetic upgradation. The farmers rendered their service on cost basis to needy
she-buffalo owners. Till date this efforts has yielded around 2500 offsprings
that are of varying age presently.
Scientists Advisory Committee Meeting
The KVK programmes and
plans are reviewed by SAC that meets twice in a year under the chairmanship of
Vice Chancellor, Banasthali University/Zonal co-ordinator. The committee
comprises of Head of the host institution, representatives of SAUs
representatives of different line departments, programme coordinator and SMS of
KVK, representative farmers and farm women etc.
In addition to KVK
mandates other major responsibilities of KVK are to carry out research project
on World Bank financed State project on reclamation of soils, DST, DBT financed
research projects on Production and Promotion of Enriched Organic Manures and
their Impact on Crop Productivity. Further, the KVK has been interested with the
responsibility of serving as district level institute of Supplementary
Observation Mechanism (SOM) project and also serving as District Capacity
Building unit under district Poverty Initiatives Project as also under
Agriculture Technology Management Agency in Reformed Extension System